The History of York
The key part of the history of York was written by the Romans when they encroached into several parts of northern England. During the 2nd century, a small town has discovered by the fort where several people in business and artisans came to reside. The Romans referred this small town as Eboracum.
A bishop for the town York was assigned in 627. A cathedral was constructed inside Roman town and it is assumed that palace of the bishop was also built there. Somewhere in the 8th to 9th century, the York has undergone a drastic transformation. Its locality made it a perfect destination that attracted several traders to do business here. By the end of 9th century, the population of town crossed the number of 2,000. In 866, Vikings end up conquering entire northern England part and this is the time when York turns into the capital of Viking kingdom. Over the period, the market for wool, potters and blacksmiths has flourished in the York that attracted few more people from nearby towns to settle in this budding place.
In the middle of 16th and 17th century, the population of York crossed a daunting number of 10,000. Though most of the people lost their lives during this period because of plague, the population kept rising, and it touched a mark of 12,000 by 1600. This was also a phase when the town of York started facing furious business competition from other towns such as Hull. West Riding region has even begun to compete with York and this is the key reason why the trade of textile has witnessed sudden downfall in York.
During 1642, the war between parliament and king has started and most of the population from York were with the king. At the end of 17th century, the town has blessed with good news in the form of water supply. Water served to houses through wooden pipes and those who could pay for it were the ones who could get the supply.
By the 18th century, the town of York was recognised as a market town instead of industrial town. This is because it was packed with several skilled tradesmen and craftsmen such as shoemakers, jewellers, comb makers, coopers, tailors, bakers, brewers, pipe manufacturers and butchers. It also became a home for wine merchants and booksellers as the demand for these products was continually rising. The 18th century was the period when the town witnessed several improvements in different aspects. In 1719, first newspaper of town was printed, while assembly rooms were constructed in subsequent years. Several hospitals, asylums, dispensaries were also built during this prosperous phase of the town.
During the 19th century, most of the part of York was so overcrowded that the sanitary issues started taking the toll on the health of residents. The conditions were improved in the late 19th century when the government took few strict steps in this front. During the 20th century, the transportation sector in the town had witnessed a big leap when trams were started running on electricity. This is the time when a tourism industry has flourished in York.
Today, in the 21st century, York is rated as one of the prosperous and finest cities in England. The credit goes to all the ups and downs this city has witnessed during its historical times.